Use this calculator come estimate how much sand in volume (cubic ft, cubic yards, or cubic meters) or weight (tons & pounds, tonnes and also kilograms) you would certainly need. It uses conventional sand density.

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Calculating exactly how much sand friend need

Many builders and gardeners are faced with calculating or estimating the lot of sand they have to fill a given an are with sand. Ours sand calculator is of an excellent utility in such cases, yet you must keep in mind the the results will only be as great as the measurements entered. The calculation procedure is as follows:

Estimate the volume of sand needed, making use of geometrical formulas and also plans or measurements.The approximate thickness of sand is 1600 kg/m3 (100 lb/ft3).Multiply the volume by the thickness (in the same units) to acquire the weight

There is finer and an ext coarse sand, for this reason the density, measured because that dry sand in kg every cubic meter or pounds per cubic feet, the your particular shipment might vary. Because that this reason, and due to potential loser / waste, you should take into consideration buying 5-6% more sand than estimated so friend don"t run just short of what you require in the end.

Square or rectangle-shaped area

The volume formula for a rectangular (or square) box in cubic feet is height(ft) x width(ft) x length(ft), as checked out in the number below:


For example, to fill a box through a width of 3ft and also a length of 6ft, come a depth that 1ft, you need to multiply 1ft x 3ft x 6ft = 18ft3 (cubic feet) of sand.

Round area

If the area you want to cover, or the shape you desire to to fill is round, the calculation is a little different:


The volume of a figure with a round foundation is its elevation times the area the its foundation. To calculation the structure area we need its diameter, due to the fact that the formula is π x r2, where r is the radius, or diameter/2.

Irregularly shame area

In case the area you are calculating has actually an irregular shape what you desire to do is divide it in number of regularly-shaped sections, calculate your volume and also sand requirements and then amount them increase together. In case you finish up needing to perform this because that a large number the sections, you might use our summation calculator.

Sand basics

Sand is a naturally emerging granular product which is written of carefully divided rock and mineral particles, rounded and also polished come a varying extent. Sand deserve to be assumed of together finer gravel, or coarser silt. In part cases, "sand" refers to a textural class of soil, that is - a soil which has an ext than 85% of its mass comprised of sand-sized particles. Sand is a renewable source in the long run, yet in human being timescale the is practically non-renewable. Sand is a significant component of concrete and also due to the high demand for concrete because that construction, an ideal for concrete sand is additionally in high demand.

The most usual constituent of sand in inland continent settings and non-tropical coastal settings is silica quartz (silicon dioxide - SiO2). The second most common kind of sand, greatly encountered in islands and also near the sea, is calcium lead carbonate which is produced by assorted life-forms, prefer coral and shellfish. That course, the specific composition will certainly vary depending upon local rock sources and conditions throughout the formation of the pebbles.


Sand for residential or garden use is usually offered in tiny packets of several pounds / kilograms, and for bigger projects in bags the 40, 60 or 80 lbs - 25kg or 50kg in Europe and other places. For building work, concrete mixing, etc. The is marketed by the tonne and comes in trucks.

types and qualities of sand

Contrary to what you may think, over there is more than one type of sand, by the size of its pebbles and it"s intended use <2>. Picking the right type and size is crucial, as some sands have a various application than others.

Sand typesTypeDescription
20-30 Sandn-standard sand, graded to pass a 850μm sieve and be preserved on a 600μm sieve.
Graded Sandn-standard sand, graded in between the 600μm sieve and also the 150μm sieve.
Standard Sandn-silica sand, composed practically entirely of normally rounded seed of practically pure quartz (used for mortars and also testing the hydraulic cements).

Standard sand, in addition, chandelier be light grey or whitish color, have to be complimentary from silt and the grains must be angular, but a little percentage of flaky or rounded particles room permissible. Some manufacturers refer the grade and form of the sand in various other ways, e.g. "river sand" (a.k.a. "sharp sand", "builder"s sand", "grit sand", "concrete sand"), "masonry sand", "M-10 sand" (granite sand), "play sand", each being finer and an ext expensive 보다 the vault one.

What is the density of sand?

The thickness of common sand is 100 lb/ft3 (1600 kg/m3). This corresponds to moderately wet sand and is the number offered in the calculator.

How lot does a yard3 that sand weigh?

A cubic yard of common sand weighs around 2700 pounds or 1.35 tons. A square yard that a sandbox with a depth that 1 foot (30.48 cm) weighs about 900 pounds (410 kg) or slightly less than fifty percent a ton. The water contents of the sand is assumed to be moderate.

How much does a cubic meter that sand weigh?

A cubic meter of common sand weighs 1,600 kilograms 1.6 tonnes. A square meter sandbox through a depth the 35 cm weighs around 560 kg or 0.56 tonnes. The number are acquired using this sand calculator.

How much is a ton of sand?

A ton of sand is typically about 0.750 cubic yards (3/4 cu yd), or 20 cubic feet. Sand is assumed relatively damp, since including water deserve to increase or diminish the thickness of the sand considerably (e.g. If it was raining or if you dig up and leave sand under the sunlight so water evaporates).

How lot is a tonne of sand?

A tonne the moderately wet sand typically fills about 0.625 m3 (cubic meters). It have the right to be much more or less thick depending top top water content and the dimension of the sand particles.

Ton vs tonne, lots vs tonnes

When calculating the sand"s weight, make certain you carry out not confuse the tonne (metric ton) through the ton (short ton). The an initial one is provided by all countries in the world and is identified to be equal to 1000 kg by the worldwide body the standardization. The ton is at this time only used in the unified States and also is same to 2000 pounds (2000 lbs). The difference in between the 2 is not vast but have the right to quickly add up come a far-reaching number together the amount increases.

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<1> Krinsley D.H., Smalley I.J. (1972) "Sand", American Scientist 60:286-291

<2> ASTM C-778 - 17 "Standard Specification for standard Sand"

Cite this calculator & page

If you"d like to mention this digital calculator source and details as noted on the page, you have the right to use the following citation: Georgiev G.Z., "Sand Calculator", available at: URL .