HOMEPAGE INTRO come CASTLES CASTLETYPES BUY A CASTLE STAY IN A CASTLE CASTLE ARCHITECTURE CATHARCASTLES MANORHOUSES FAMOUSCASTLES CRUSADECASTLES CASTLE WEDDINGS CASTLE PHOTOS LIFE IN A CASTLE CHILDREN"S CASTLES HAUNTED CASTLES CASTLE BOOKS

*
*
In chess the castle is a major piece, currently usually called a rook. Every player starts v two rooks, one in every of the corners nearest his very own side. Like various other pieces, the castle captures by occupying the square on i m sorry an enemy piece stands. The castle also participates, together with the king, in a unique move called castling.

You are watching: Another name for castle in chess

In the past, the lock or rook was also called the, Tower, Marquis, Rector, or comes ("Count" or "Earl").

*
*
*
*

Originally, the rook symbolized a chariot. The word rook comes from the Persian native rukh an interpretation chariot. Persian battle Chariots were heavily armoured, delivering a driver and at the very least one ranged-weapon bearer, such as an archer. The political parties of the chariot were built to resemble fortified rock work, providing the impression the small, mobile buildings, resulting in terror ~ above the battlefield.

In the West, the rook is virtually universally stood for as a crenellated turret. One feasible explanation is that as soon as the video game was imported to Italy, the Persian rukh was puzzled with the Italian indigenous rocca, an interpretation fortress. Another possible explanation is that rooks wewre believed to represent siege towers (the item is dubbed "torre", an interpretation tower, in Italian, Portuguese and Spanish, "tour" in French and "toren" in Dutch). Curiously, the Russian surname for the rook ("ladya") way a ship or boat.

In the opening, the castles space undefended by various other pieces, so it is desirable to attach one"s rooks ~ above the an initial rank through clearing all pieces other than the king and rooks indigenous the an initial rank and castling. In the position, the rooks safeguard each other, and can easily move to threaten the many favourable files.

Castles are most an effective towards the end of a game where they deserve to move unobstructed through pawns and also can control huge numbers that squares. Castling is a special protective manoeuvre. The is the just time in the video game when more than one piece might be moved throughout a turn. Castling was designed in the 1500"s to aid speed increase the game and also to aid balance the offence and defence.

*
*
*

Castling

Castling is a special relocate in the game of chess entailing the king and also either that the original rooks of the exact same colour. The is the only relocate in chess (leaving aside promotion) in i beg your pardon a player moves 2 pieces in ~ the very same time. Castling consists of moving the king 2 squares in the direction of a rook on the player"s very first rank, then moving the rook onto the square over which the king crossed. Castling have the right to only be done if the king has actually never moved, the rook involved has never ever moved, the squares between the king and the rook affiliated are not occupied, the king is no in check, and the king does not cross end or end on a square in i m sorry it would be in check.

The notation because that castling, in both the descriptive and the algebraic systems, is 0-0 with the kingside rook and also 0-0-0 with the queenside rook. In PGN, O-O and O-O-O are used instead. Castling top top the kingside is sometimes referred to as castling short and also castling ~ above the queenside is dubbed castling long; the difference being based upon whether the rook move a quick distance (two squares) or a lengthy distance (three squares).

Castling is in many European languages various other than English well-known as "rochieren / rochada / roque" or some other derivative of the exact same Persian source from which additionally the English native "rook" is derived, when the regional adjectives meaning "long" and also "short" are used in those countries to describe "queenside/kingside castling". Castling was included to europe chess in the 14th or 15th century and did not construct into its present form until the 17th century. Asian versions that chess execute not have such a move.

Castling is permissible only if every one of the following problems hold:

The king has not previously moved; The preferred rook has not previously moved; There need to be no pieces in between the king and the favored rook; The king is not right now in check. The king should not pass v a square the is under assault by adversary pieces. The king have to not end up in inspect The king and the chosen rook need to be top top the same rank. (This dominion was added to permit for the opportunity of a pawn being advocated to a rook, which then castles!)

Castling is an essential goal in the early part of a game. That serves two purposes: it move the king right into a safer place away indigenous the center of the board, and also it moves the castle to a an ext active position in the center of the plank (it is even feasible to checkmate by castling).

Castling ~ above the King"s Side
*

The an option as come which side to castle counts on an evaluate of the trade-off between king safety and security and activity of the rook. Kingside castling is generally safer, since the king end up closer come the edge of the board and also all the pawns top top the castled side are safeguarded by the king. In queenside castling, the king is inserted closer come the centre and also the pawn top top the a-file is undefended; the king is thus often moved to the b-file to safeguard the a-pawn and to relocate the king far from the center of the board. In addition, queenside castling requires moving the queen first; therefore, it may take slightly longer to attain than kingside castling. Queenside castling locations the rook more effectively. It is often instantly active, whereas with kingside castling a tempo may be required to move the rook come a much more effective square.

It is usual for both football player to castle kingside, and rare for both players to castle queenside. Castling on opposite sides usually results in a fierce fight as both players" pawns are cost-free to development to strike the the contrary king"s castled place without exposing the player"s own castled king.

Castling top top the Queen"s Side
*

If the king is forced to move before it has actually the chance to castle, the player may still wish to manoeuvre the king in the direction of the sheet of the board and also the corresponding rook towards the centre. Once a player takes 3 or 4 moves to achieve what castling would certainly have achieved in one move, it is occasionally called man-made castling, or castling by hand.

Under the strict touch-move rules imposed in many tournaments, castling is thought about a king move. A player who intends come castle however touches the rook first would be committed to make a rook move, and also thus will not be permitted to castle. The correct means to castle is to very first move the king. Together usual, the player"s psychic may readjust between all legal destination squares for the king until it is released. Once the two-square king relocate is completed however, the player has actually formally chosen to castle, and the rook must be relocated accordingly. A player that performs a forbidden castling need to return the king and the rook to their original places and also then relocate the king, if there is another legal king move, consisting of castling ~ above the various other side. If there is no legit king move, the touch-move dominion does not apply to the rook. The main rules need that the entire move be perfect using only a solitary hand. No of these 2 rules is typically enforced in casual play, nor typically known by non-competitive players.

The right to castle need to be the same in all 3 positions because that a precious draw claim under the threefold repeat rule.

*
*

Castles in Heraldry.

*
Heraldry distinguishes between a castle, a tour and also an heraldic rook.

A lock is a depiction of a actual castle, frequently with prior gate, arrow loops, towers and also battlements. (see right)

A tower is a depiction of a actual tower, generally circular in setup often with front gate, arrowhead loops and battlements. (see right)

An heraldic rook is like a tower yet shown through two large outward-curving horns (see left). This fee is always blazoned "chess rook" for this reason as not to be puzzled with the bird of the name; it is additionally not come be puzzled with the zule, a similar-looking object through two outward-curving horns in ~ both top and bottom.

See more: How Fast Does A Crf250R Go, What Is The Top Speed Of A 2004 Crf250R

*
*

In Canadian heraldry, the chess rook is the brisure of a fifth daughter.

Arms the Roquamadour in the Lot, France
*

an Heraldic Castle
*
An Heraldic Tower
*

Arms the Bonbury that Stanney

Argent, on a bending Sable 3 chessrooks the the field

(Armorial Bearings in The Cheshire Visitations exemplified by boy name S. J. Goldstraw and reproduced below with his sort permission).

*
The arms of Rochow
*

I desire to purchase Hire for Exclusive usage Hire or rental Celebrate a Wedding in hold a house Party in organize a Private role in host a Banquet in hold a Corporate occasion in hold a Conference in spend a holiday in find an task Vacation in discover an Hotel Room in discover a Self-catering Apartment in discover a B&B in rental an heritage Lodge or head at find a Timeshare in Visit Visit Gardens at find a Film place at tourism (All Categories) a lock Chateau Manor house Manoir Stately home Palace Lodge country House exclude, Villa Town home Maison de Maitre Hamlet or village Farm Vinyard (All Properties) in England Scotland Ireland Wales France Italy Switzerland Germany Poland Czech Republic (All Countries)

HOMEPAGE INTRO to CASTLES CASTLETYPES BUY A CASTLE STAY IN A CASTLE CASTLE ARCHITECTURE CATHARCASTLES MANORHOUSES FAMOUSCASTLES CRUSADECASTLES CASTLE WEDDINGS CASTLE PHOTOS LIFE IN A CASTLE CHILDREN"S CASTLES HAUNTED CASTLES CASTLE BOOKS

*

*

*

*

::::Link come us::::Castle and Manor dwellings Resources::: © C&MH 2010-2014:::contact