include to folder introducing Folders! find out just how you deserve to intelligently organize her Flashcards.


You are watching: The greatest blow to the organizational strength of u.s. parties was

Use LEFT and also RIGHT arrowhead keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and also DOWN arrow keys to upper and lower reversal the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;


1. (p. 244) Political parties offer to A. link the public with its elected leaders.
B. enable people with different backgrounds and opinions come act together.
C. offer the public a an option between policies and also leaders.
D. provide potential leaders an opportunity to attain public office.
E. All this answers room correct.
2. (p. 245) The very first American politics parties emerged from the conflict between 
A. slave states and cost-free states.
B. the older east states and the more recent western states.
C. small farmers and states" legal rights advocates, and also those donate commercial and wealthy interests.
D. business and also labor.
E. Protestants and also Catholics.
3. (p. 245) Andrew Jackson"s donation to the development of political parties to be the A. forging the a coalition that Democrats and Whigs.
B. introduction of primary elections.
C. formation the a new form of grassroots party organization.
D. formation the the Federalist Party.
E. formation the the Republican Party.
4. (p. 253-254) Proportional depiction systems encourage the formation of smaller sized parties by enabling parties come A. win legislature seats also though they perform not receive a majority of votes in elections.
B. receive campaign funds from government in proportion to their assistance in opinion polls.
C. win legislative seat by lottery for parties that have no chance of winning majority support.
D. share in patronage appointments, which serve as an inspiration to lure project workers.
E. advertise ~ above television.
5. (p. 246) Democrats and Republicans have withstood as the two significant U.S. Next primarily because of A. the security of your ideologies.
B. the absence of good third-party candidates.
C. a high level of party discipline.
D. their capacity to it is adapted to an altering circumstances.
E. None of these answers is correct.
6. (p. 260) In 1912, a candidate for which boy party managed to earn an ext votes than among his significant party opponents? 
A. Socialist
B. Prohibition
C. Bull Moose
D. Reform
E. Populist
7. (p. 259) If a minor party benefit a huge following, that is almost specific that A. the major parties will sign up with together to attack the young party.
B. Congress will enact legislation to make it difficult for the young party to obtain on the ballot.
C. party in-fighting will tear it apart.
D. one or both significant parties will certainly absorb the issue, and also the young party will shed support.
E. the media will assault the minor party.
8. (p. 252) The significant reason for the persistence of the American two-party system is 
A. that there are naturally only two sides to political disputes.
B. regional conflict.
C. the presence of single-member choice districts.
D. the visibility of state legislations prohibiting the placement of a third major party top top the ballot.
E. proportional representation.
9. (p. 244) The history of autonomous government is virtually synonymous with the history of A. high voter turnout.
B. the separation of powers.
C. economic recessions.
D. protest movements.
E. political parties.
10. (p. 246) All the the following are characteristic of a party realignment other than A. sharp divisions between the parties.
B. enduring changes in party coalitions.
C. major policy initiatives by the win party.
D. a very close electoral result.
E. the disruption that the existing politics order.
11. (p. 255, 256) Which the the following motivates the two major parties to build vast coalitions? 
A. the must raise campaign funds
B. the require to have actually policy "wiggle-room" once elected into power
C. the desire to prevent their policy preferences coming to be hijacked by too much elements
D. fear of demonization through the press
E. the two-party system and also the need to acquire a plurality
12. (p. 245) The problem of slavery gave birth to the ________ party as a major political party. A. Federalist
B. Democratic
C. Republican
D. Whig
E. Populist
13. (p. 244) Political next in the United claims originated partly as a politics feud in between A. Marshall and Adams.
B. Adams and also Jackson.
C. Lincoln and also Douglas.
D. Cleveland and also Bryan.
E. Hamilton and Jefferson.
14. (p. 247) The democratic Party"s long-time local stronghold, "the hard South", stemmed indigenous a realignment throughout which historic period? 
A. Civil battle era
B. 1890s
C. Great Depression
D. 1980s
E. None of this answers is correct.
15. (p. 251) Which the the complying with is one indication of strong party loyalty? A. split-ticket voting
B. an rise in live independence voters
C. straight-ticket voting
D. the affect of short-lived issues and also candidates
E. a focus on candidate charisma and an individual style
16. (p. 251) Party dealignment is 
A. essentially the exact same as party realignment.
B. a procedure that has discouraged the development of third parties.
C. a procedure that has strengthened the significant parties.
D. a procedure that refers to American political parties in the beforehand 1800s.
E. None of this answers is correct.
17. (p. 274) Prospective voting is identified by A. a sudden transition in the poll from one party to another.
B. choices based on party loyalty.
C. choices based on a candidate"s previous performance.
D. choices based on what candidates promise to perform if elected.
E. the symbolism the a candidate"s personality.
18. (p. 274) ________ is based on judgment about the previous performance of an elected official or politics party. A. Prospective voting
B. Retrospective voting
C. Split-ticket voting
D. Straight-ticket voting
E. None of these answers is correct.
19. (p. 255) ________ shed the 1964 presidential choice in a landslide due to the fact that his views were viewed as too extreme. A. James Weaver
B. Jimmy Carter
C. George McGovern
D. Richard Nixon
E. Barry Goldwater
20. (p. 253) ________ go not have a vain multiparty system. A. Germany
B. Italy
C. The Netherlands
D. The joined States
E. Sweden
21. (p. 245) What was specifically unique about the "Era of good Feeling"? 
A. Political parties were banned.
B. President Monroe ran unopposed in 1820.
C. Jefferson"s faction embraced the label "Republican".
D. The president and vice president to be from contending parties.
E. Federalists won the choice of 1820.
22. (p. 244) ________ warned americans of the "baneful effects" of factions (political parties) in his 1797 bye address. A. James Madison
B. Thomas Jefferson
C. George Washington
D. Andrew Jackson
E. Abraham Lincoln
23. (p. 257) What party has made big gains in recent decades amongst white fundamentalist Christians, based upon its positions on topics favor abortion and also school prayer? A. Democratic
B. Republican
C. Green
D. Socialist
E. Reform
24. (p. 273-274) Candidates" first priority in a close election is to A. secure their "base voters".
B. rally the faithful and also "get out the vote".
C. increase TV spending.
D. paint their adversaries in a poor light.
E. win end the "swing voters".
25. (p. 256) Which that the complying with groups is most closely aligned through the democratic Party, voting an ext than 80 percent autonomous in presidential elections? 
A. Latino Americans
B. white Protestants
C. Christian fundamentalists
D. African Americans
E. Roman Catholics
26. (p. 257) Which of the complying with groups is NOT generally a part of the autonomous coalition? 
A. city dwellers
B. Hispanics
C. union members
D. Jews
E. fundamentalist believer
27. (p. 259) In twentieth-century American history, the most crucial minor parties to be ________ parties. A. ideological
B. single-issue
C. factional
D. reform
E. non-aligned
28. (p. 251) Ticket dividing was most prominent throughout which decade? A. 1970s
B. 1990s
C. 1980s
D. 1960s
E. 1950s
29. (p. 247-248) ________ to be the just Republican elected president from 1932 to 1964. 
A. Richard Nixon
B. Barry Goldwater
C. Dwight Eisenhower
D. Herbert Hoover
E. Calvin Coolidge
30. (p. 262) All the the adhering to use top-two primaries except A. Oregon.
B. Washington.
C. California.
D. Nebraska.
E. Louisiana.
31. (p. 269) American party establishments A. are around to die out.
B. are much more powerful today than at any time in history.
C. have much more power 보다 their west European counterparts.
D. are tho important, yet their role in campaigns is second to the of candidates.
E. are not important in the political mechanism today.
32. (p. 265-266) National party organizations have the right to dictate the day-to-day decision of 
A. local party organizations only.
B. state party establishments only.
C. local and state party organizations.
D. neither neighborhood nor state party organizations.
E. party leader in Congress.
33. (p. 260) A(n) ________ party is a boy party that bases its very nice on the claim that the significant parties are having a corrupting affect on government and policy. A. third
B. reform
C. single-issue
D. ideological
E. factional
34. (p. 259) Which of the complying with is an instance of a single-issue party? 
A. Populists
B. Green Party
C. Socialist workers Party
D. Libertarian Party
E. Greenback Party
35. (p. 259) Which of the adhering to are crucial players in the contemporary campaign? A. pollsters
B. media producers
C. fundraising specialists
D. campaign consultants
E. All these answers space correct.
36. (p. 273) ________ prohibits the acquisition of televised declaring time by candidates. 
A. Scotland
B. Great Britain
C. The joined States
D. Germany
E. Canada
37. (p. 271) James Carville and also Roger Ailes room both examples of A. minor party candidates that earned much more than five percent that the vote.
B. campaign strategists who have actually earned legendary reputations.
C. congressional incumbents whose reelection bids were derailed through smear campaigns.
D. national chairpersons of one of the two major parties.
E. lobbyists jailed for their illegal soft money contributions.
37. (p. 271) James Carville and also Roger Ailes are both instances of A. minor party candidates that earned an ext than five percent of the vote.
B. campaign strategists who have earned legend reputations.
C. congressional incumbents who reelection bids were derailed by smear campaigns.
D. national chairpersons of among the two major parties.
E. lobbyists jailed for your illegal soft money contributions.
39. (p. 243) Organizationally, the U.S. Major parties space A. decentralized and fragmented.
B. centralized and also weak.
C. decentralized and strong.
D. centralized and strong.
E. no much longer in operation.
40. (p. 262, 264) During the twenty century, American parties shed their finish control over A. nominations.
B. financing.
C. platforms.
D. the staffing of federal government jobs.
E. All these answers space correct.
41. (p. 262) Which the the following represents the greatest blow come the business strength the U.S. Parties? A. the national convention
B. the direct primary
C. Jacksonian democracy
D. the appearance of PACs
E. voter registration
42. (p. 277) Which that the following is specific representation the the public"s opinion around leaders and also their accountability? A. Most citizens have actually a high opinion that Congress as a whole, however say castle have tiny confidence in their neighborhood representative in Congress.
B. Most citizens have actually a high opinion the both Congress as a whole and also their local representative in Congress.
C. Most citizens have actually a short opinion the Congress as a whole, however say they have confidence in their local representative in Congress.
D. Most citizens have actually a low opinion the Congress as a whole and likewise of their local representative in Congress.
E. Most citizens do not feel that their local representatives in Congress should be organized accountable for the votes they need to make in order to continue to be in line through their party"s platform.
43. (p. 252) The winner-take-all system is additionally known as the ________ system. 
A. plurality
B. majority
C. minority
D. democratic
E. proportional
44. (p. 254) ________ representation systems space those in which seat in the legislature room allocated follow to each political party"s re-superstructure of the renowned vote. A. Plurality
B. Populist
C. Minority
D. Democratic
E. Proportional
45. (p. 269) On average, just how much money have to a U.S. Senator raise every main of his or her six-year term in order come acquire enough money come launch a competitive bid for reelection? A. $200
B. $2,000
C. $20,000
D. $200,000
E. $2,000,000
46. (p. 264) Which that the complying with statements around the patronage device is true? A. It to be a means of lucrative party workers for their loyalty.
B. It was very first established in the early twentieth century.
C. It has actually fallen progressively into the hands of party organizations.
D. It weakens the shortcut that many federal employee members might otherwise feel for the congressperson under which castle work.
E. Today there are practically no patronage tasks left.
47. (p. 265) About 95 percent of all political activists in the united States job-related at A. the nationwide level.
B. the state level.
C. the local level.
D. the national and also state levels.
E. Republican and also Democratic party headquarters.
48. (p. 270) In Citizens joined v. Commonwealth Election the supervisory board (2010), the can be fried Court 
A. found exclusive citizens have to not have limits on the quantity of money they can spend ~ above campaigns.
B. found corporations and unions could not be banned indigenous spending money on campaigns.
C. found private citizens had the same totally free speech rights as corporations.
D. found corporate and also union donations to campaigns was not covered as a form of complimentary speech.
E. invalidated the government"s use of an vote commission to regulate project donations.
49. (p. 269) The role that the nationwide party establishments perform in relationship to conference candidates can finest be defined as a A. service relationship—helping candidates conduct their personal campaigns.
B. power relationship—making party assistance conditional top top the candidates" proof of the party platform.
C. central relationship—organizing and conducting the campaigns for the candidates.
D. non-participant relationship—staying the end of conference campaigns and assisting just in the presidential campaign.
E. None of this answers is correct.
50. (p. 257) What demographic is crucial to the future that both parties? A. Hispanic voters
B. African American voters
C. middle-class voters
D. Jewish voters
E. the senior vote
51. (p. 257-258) In the recent elections, i beg your pardon voting demography has end up being a much more cohesive poll bloc and also has sided heavily with the democratic Party, see it as much more closely aligned through their interests? A. Hispanics
B. African Americans
C. the middle class
D. the affluent
E. seniors
52. (p. 247) The election of ________ to be a realigning election. A. 1840
B. 1872
C. 1932
D. 1960
E. 1976
53. (p. 245) ________ is linked with the Era of an excellent Feeling. A. Abraham Lincoln
B. Franklin D. Roosevelt
C. James Monroe
D. Andrew Jackson
E. George Washington
54. (p. 246) Abraham Lincoln was an initial elected in 1860 v ________ percent of the famous vote. A. 20
B. 40
C. 50
D. 60
E. 80
55. (p. 266) State central committees A. endorse candidates in your state-wide primaries but do not have formal manage over that is chosen.
B. have the last say in who will be preferred as the candidates for nationwide office from their party in their house state.
C. provide only basic policy guidance because that the state organizations.
D. are prevented indigenous participating in fund-raising and voter registration because they receive government funding.
E. concentrate many strongly on national elections.
56. (p. 260) In 1992, ________ winner 19 percent of the renowned vote in the presidential election. A. Bill Clinton
B. George H. W. Bush
C. Ross Perot
D. Pat Buchanan
E. Ralph Nader

See more: What Does The Word Prejudge Mean, Prejudge Definition & Meaning

57. (p. 260) Populist ________ winner electoral votes in six says in the presidential election of 1892. A. William Jennings Bryan
B. Theodore Roosevelt
C. Chester Arthur
D. James B. Weaver
E. Benjamin Harrison