It is an not natural chemical compound that naturally exists as a rare mineral. It have the right to dissolve equally in a systems of solid acid or base and also is referred to as an amphoteric compound. Under aqueous conditions, the link dissociates right into zinc and hydroxide ions.

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Zinc hydroxide Identification

CAS number: 20427-58-1

PubChem: 9812759

ChemSpider: 7988510

Zinc hydroxide Formula

Its chemical formula is Zn (OH)2.

Zinc hydroxide Properties

The following are few of the distinctive properties of the compound:


It generally shows up as a white solid.

Molar mass

It weighs roughly 99.424 g/mol.


It is stable and also non-reactive under regular conditions.


Its mass every volume is about 3.053 g/cm3.

Melting point

It decomposes in ~ 125 level Celsius.


It is sparingly dissolve in water and also absolutely insoluble in alcohol. That solubility product (Ksp) is 3.0 x 10-17.


Zinc hydroxide disappear in aqueous ammonia to form a colorless, water-soluble ammine complex. Once ammonia is added in excess, the hydroxide ions that dissociates indigenous Zn(OH)2 reacts through it to type a positively charged tetra facility having a co-ordination variety of 4. The resultant product is surrounding by ammonia ligand, which outcomes in dissolution.

Zinc hydroxide Thermo chemistry

Its standard enthalpy of formation or standard warmth of formation is -642 kJ.mol-1.

Zinc hydroxide Structure

Here is the framework of the amphoteric compound.


Zinc hydroxide Occurrence

It occurs as three rare earth minerals: Wulfingite, ashoverite and sweetite. These rare minerals space actually the natural polymorphs of Zn (OH)2. In product science, any solid product is polymorphic if it exists in an ext than one kind such as orthorhombic or tetragonal.

Zinc hydroxide Preparation

It is generally prepared by including moderate amount of salt hydroxide solution to a zinc salt equipment such as zinc chloride or zinc sulfate. These two compounds reaction under normal problems to type a white precipitate that Zn (OH)2. Dilute solution of salt hydroxide need to be supplied in this reaction in bespeak to stop the inorganic compound indigenous dissolving. Under normal conditions, the zinc salt dissociates to form a zinc ion that associates with two hydroxide ions from sodium hydroxide solution to kind zinc hydroxide.

Zn2++ 2OH- → Zn(OH)2

If excess sodium hydroxide is added to the salt solution, the precipitate the Zn (OH)2 that is formed initially will certainly dissolve to form a kind a colorless systems of zincate ion as watched below:

Zn (OH)2 + 2OH– → Zn(OH)42-

This residential property of zinc hydroxide is extensively used come detect the existence of zinc ion in solution. However, the is no a unique method for trial and error as there countless compounds of aluminum and lead the behave in a very comparable manner.

The dissolving residential property of zinc hydroxide can be added to the existence of water ligands that usually surround the ion. When excess salt hydroxide is added to the solution, the two hydroxide ions reduce it come a negatively fee complex, hence making that soluble.

Zinc hydroxide Uses

Some of the usual uses the Zn (OH)2 are:

Surgical dressings

It is offered for operation dressings where it functions as one absorbent. Big bandages that are used article surgery room coated v the zinc link for absorbing the blood native the wound.

Protective coating

Steel and iron are many often used with a coating the zinc v a procedure called galvanization. Under moist conditions, a class of zinc hydroxide creates on these galvanized steels in order to avoid them from acquiring rusted.


Zinc hydroxide is very gelatinous (jelly-like) and generally attributes as a mordant the sets water on miscellaneous fabrics or tissues. Dye is normally a chemistry reagent, which creates a metal complex with Zn(OH)2 and also strongly attaches to the towel linings.


It is frequently used as an intermediate for commercial production of pesticides and pigments.


Topical solutions

Combination that Zn (OH)2 v zinc oxide is widely supplied in calamine creams, ointments, infant powder, skin lotions, and cosmetics. It reacts with strong bases, owing to that is amphoteric nature to kind zincates the are provides as dental drugs come treat numerous disorders.

Electrical batteries

It is likewise used in high-energy electric batteries that room rechargeable with a reversible reaction.

Rubber compounding

Zn (OH)2 is made use of in compounding or mixing different ingredients of rubber to optimize the end-use properties, follow to the consumer’s need.

Zinc compounds

Wide selection of zinc compounds favor zinc oxide, zinc sulfate, and also zinc nitrate are commercially manufactured with the aid of the inorganic chemical.

See more: What Is The Chemical Formula For Chromate And Dichromate, Chromate Ion Formula & Structure

Zinc hydroxide MSDS

It is generally non-flammable and poses no hazards to the workers. However, the compound need to not be taste or swallowed together it may contain few toxicological ingredients.