Bromine

facet 35 of regular table is Bromine v atomic number 35, atomic load 79.904. Bromine, price Br, has actually a Base centered Orthorhombic structure and Red color. Bromine is a halogens element. Trivial name of Bromine is halogens*. Understand everything about Bromine Facts, physics Properties, chemistry Properties, digital configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.


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Bromine (from old Greek:βρῶμος, brómos, an interpretation "stench") is a chemical aspect with prize Br, and also atomic number 35. The is a halogen. The element was isolated individually by two chemists, Carl Jacob Löwig and Antoine Jerome Balard, in 1825–1826.

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Bromine Facts

Read vital information and facts around element Bromine

name Bromine
atom Number 35
atom Symbol Br
Atomic load 79.904
phase Liquid
color Red
Classification halogens
team in regular Table 17
Group Name fluorine household
period in regular Table 4
Block in periodic Table p-block
Electronic Configuration 3d10 4s2 4p5
Melting allude -7.3 °C
Boiling suggest 59 °C
Electronic shell Structure <2, 8, 18, 7>
CAS Number CAS7726-95-6

How to situate Bromine on regular Table

Periodic table is arranged by atom number, variety of protons in the nucleus i m sorry is very same as number of electrons. The atomic number boosts from left to right. Regular table beginning at height left ( atom number 1) and ends at bottom appropriate (atomic number 118). Because of this you can straight look for atomic number 35 to discover Bromine on routine table.

Another way to read routine table and locate an aspect is by using team number (column) and period number (row). To situate Bromine on regular table look for cross ar of team 17 and period 4 in the modern-day periodic table.

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Table the Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbit Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and also Safety Parameters and Guidelines
Databases
Compare Bromine with various other elements

Bromine History

The facet Bromine was discovered by Antoine Jérôme Balard in year 1826 in France . Bromine acquired its surname from the Greek bromos, definition "stench"

Bromine Presence: abundance in Nature and also Around Us

The table below shows the abundance of Bromine in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and also Human Body.

Ppb by load (1ppb =10^-7 %)
diversity in cosmos 7×10-7%
variety in sunlight N/A
abundance in Meteorites 1.2e-06
Abundance in Earth"s late 3e-06
abundance in seas 6.7e-05
diversity in human beings 2.9e-06

Crystal structure of Bromine

The solid state structure of Bromine is Base focused Orthorhombic.

The crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit cell repeats chin in three dimensional space to type the structure.

Unit cell Parameters

The unit cell is stood for in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cabinet edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)

a b c
672.65 464.51 870.23 pm

and the angles in between them Lattice angle (alpha, beta and also gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 π/2

The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are explained by the set of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured native a referral lattice point.

The symmetry properties of the crystal are explained by the ide of space groups. All feasible symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 an are groups (219 unique types, or 230 if chiral copies are taken into consideration distinct.

an are Group name Cmca
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an are Group Number 64
Crystal framework Base centered Orthorhombic

Bromine Atomic and Orbital Properties

Bromine atoms have actually 35 electrons and also the digital shell framework is <2, 8, 18, 7> v Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P3/2.


atom Number 35
Number of electrons (with no charge) 35
Number that Protons 35
Mass Number 80
Number that Neutrons 45
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level) <2, 8, 18, 7>
Electron construction 3d10 4s2 4p5
Valence Electrons 4s2 4p5
Oxidation State -1 1;3;4;5;7
Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P3/2

Shell framework of Bromine - electrons per energy level


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Ground State electronic Configuration of Bromine - neutral Bromine atom

The ground state digital configuration that Neutral Bromine atom is 3d10 4s2 4p5. The part of Bromine configuration the is identical to the noble gas the the preceding period, is abbreviated together . Because that atoms with plenty of electrons, this notation deserve to become an extensive and therefore an abbreviated notation is used.This is important as it is the Valence electron 3d10 4s2 4p5, electrons in the outermost shell that determine the chemistry properties that the element.

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Unabbreviated electronic configuration the neutral Bromine

Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Bromine atom, Unabbreviated digital configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p5

Atomic structure of Bromine

Bromine atom radius is 94 pm, while it"s covalent radius is 114 pm.

atom Radius

94 pm (0.94 Å)

Atomic Volume 25.6102564103 cm3
Covalent Radius 114 afternoon (1.14 Å)
van der Waals Radius 185 pm
ghost Cross section 6.8 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum the Bromine

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Bromine chemistry Properties: Bromine Ionization Energies and also electron affinity

The electron affinity of Bromine is 324.6 kJ/mol

Valence 5
Electronegativity 2.96
ElectronAffinity 324.6 kJ/mol

Ionization power of Bromine

Refer come table listed below for Ionization energies that Bromine

Ionization energy number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 1139.9
2 2103
3 3470
4 4560
5 5760
6 8550
7 9940
8 1.86×104

Bromine physical Properties

Refer to listed below table for Bromine physical Properties

density 3.12 g/cm3
Molar Volume 25.6102564103 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus N/A
Shear Modulus N/A
mass Modulus 1.9 GPa
Poisson ratio N/A

Hardness that Bromine - exam to measure up of Hardness that Element

Mohs Hardness N/A
Vickers Hardness N/A
Brinell Hardness N/A

Bromine electrical Properties

Bromine is Insulator that electricity. Describe table below for the electrical properties that Bromine

electric Conductivity 1×10-10 S/m
Resistivity 1×1010 m Ω
Superconducting point N/A

Bromine Heat and Conduction Properties

heat Conductivity 0.12 W/(m K)
Thermal growth N/A

Bromine Magnetic Properties

Magnetic form Diamagnetic
Curie allude N/A
fixed Magnetic Susceptibility -4.9×10-9
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility -7.83×10-10
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility -1.53e-05

Optical properties of Bromine

Refractive table of contents 1.001132

Acoustic properties of Bromine

rate of Sound N/A

Bromine heat Properties - Enthalpies and also thermodynamics

Refer come table below for thermal properties of Bromine

Melting point 265.8 K (-7.3 °C)
Boiling point 332 K (59 °C)
critical Temperature 588 K
Superconducting point N/A

Enthalpies that Bromine

heat of blend 5.8 kJ/mol
heat of Vaporization 14.8 kJ/mol
warmth of combustion N/A

Bromine isotope - atom Properties that Bromine

Isotopes that rhodium. Naturally emerging Bromine has actually 2 steady isotope - 79Br, 81Br.


Isotope Isotope mass % variety T fifty percent Decay mode
67Br
68Br
69Br
70Br
71Br
72Br
73Br
74Br
75Br
76Br
77Br
78Br
79Br 50.69% secure N/A
80Br
81Br 49.31% secure N/A
82Br
83Br
84Br
85Br
86Br
87Br
88Br
89Br
90Br
91Br
92Br
93Br
94Br
95Br
96Br
97Br

Regulatory and Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7726-95-6
RTECS Number RTECSEF9100000
dot Hazard class 8
dot Numbers 1744
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating 0
NFPA hazards Oxidizing Agent
NFPA health Rating 3
NFPA Reactivity Rating 0
Autoignition allude N/A
Flashpoint -18 °C

Database Search

perform of unique identifiers to search the element in various chemical it is registered databases

Database identifier number
CAS Number - chemistry Abstracts service (CAS) CAS7726-95-6
CID Number CID24408
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSEF9100000

Compare Bromine v all Group 17 elements

Bromine vs Fluorine Bromine vs Chlorine Bromine vs Iodine Bromine vs Astatine Bromine vs Tennessine

Compare Bromine v all halogens elements

Bromine vs Fluorine Bromine vs Chlorine Bromine vs Iodine Bromine vs Astatine Bromine vs Tennessine