In this post, we will certainly be concentrating on famous trees in Australia and brand-new Zealand and the finest native or common tree species us recommend. V such a affluent diversity that climates and also plants, we will just be covering simply some species of trees in Oceania. If the nation where girlfriend live is absent from this list, please get in touch with us in ~ hello
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Take her time to research every one of these renowned trees in Australia and new Zealand and choose the one that is best for you and your family.

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Before choosing your tree type

That said, we constantly recommend choosing a native tree species or one which is usual to her location, to respect the ecological balance and ensure far better growth. So be sure to inspect with a regional gardening providers or horticulturist for details on indigenous tree species in your area. Natives are already adapted to the environment and also often tend to use much less water and do far better in Australian and brand-new Zealand soils.

Reviving the native forest also provides a habitat for native wildlife such as birds. Not every native plant is suitable to a particular area, so prior to planting perform some research on what trees are native to the area to it is in planted.

Remember friend can additionally elect to usage a seedling, or sprout rather of a seed. Or some people also chose to plant a flower, a plant, or a bush instead of a tree. Discover listed below the most well-known trees in Australia and new Zealand below!

Popular aboriginal trees in Australia: What to plant

Some Australian native varieties have end up being endangered through logging when others have been edged the end by trees introduced from overseas.

Although most civilization think that eucalypts when they think of native Australian tree there are a diverse range of trees that are indigenous to this continent.


Acacia (wattle)


The wattle is the national flower the Australia, that is gold flower representing your mineral wealth and also its environment-friendly leaves their agricultural foundations (see the flower in the main photo that this Blog post). The tree’s name originates from its use in making houses out of little slats of timber plastered over v mud, well-known as “wattle and also daub.”

The background of growing of wattles goes earlier to the middle of the eighteenth century, perhaps also further than that. There are approximately 1350 different types of wattle in the civilization around 1000 of which are aboriginal to Australia.

Wattles have always been an important species to indigenous Australians, indigenous medicines can be derived from parts of the tree, the hardwood is used for a variety of purposes, the seed of some species can be eaten and also some are residences to witchety grubs that can also be eaten.

Many wattles are fantastic plants for the garden and a choice appears below covering a wide variety of regions and also conditions in Australia. A expedition to your neighborhood plant nursery because that advice on specific types would constantly be worthwhile for added help.

The tallest varieties of wattle in Australia is the Acacia bakeri, well-known as a white marblewood, baker’s wattle or scrub wattle, that can prosper to 50m. The smallest species are low farming shrubs few of which don’t reach a metre tall.


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The famed wattle tree. Photo source: needpix.com


Banksia


There space 173 Banksia species, and all but one happen naturally just in Australia. Southern western Australia consists of the best diversity that banksias, with 60 recorded types of tree in Australia together a whole. They room also an essential part of the flora the Australia’s eastern coast.

Found in coastal to arid regions, Banksias selection from low-growing shrubs to trees approximately 25 m tall. Some species, for example Banksia ericifolia and Banksia menziesii , are recognized for their spectacular flower heads.

Banksias normally grow ideal in fine drained soils in a sunny position. Most respond to irradiate pruning.


Baobab

Gigantic, exotic and gargantuan, baobab tree is special. They have actually found about 30 types of trees in Australia in tropical and subtropical areas.


The baobab tree, likewise known as the party tree, is well-known for its strangely swollen trunk.

Baobab is a low maintain tree and also highly drought resistant. It can additionally be get an impression in pot, baobab bonsai is famous and also is an especially well suited because that beginners and also if you have a huge backyard, you can grow it external (grows up to 18m tall and can have a trunk through a circumference of around 9m!).

The baobab tree flourishes on bad soils, tolerates heat and also has the capacity to store big amounts that water, to endure in drought.


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The Boronia tree. Picture source: wiki


Boronia


The star-like flowers the the boronias and their vulnerable floral perfumes have actually long enchanted shrub walkers in various parts the Australia indigenous the east to the west coast. It have to be said, however, the boronias carry out not rank among the simplest of tree in the garden.

There are around 100 different varieties of boronia, with flowers ranging in colour from yellow, v pink and purple come brown. The boronia tree grows as a shrub approximately 2m tall.

Boronia oil is farmed in some parts of Australia, provided as a food flavouring and also scent, also in perfumes and also sold together an aromatherapy oil.

It is really important to try and carry out boronias v the optimum cultivation environment in order because that them to fulfil their full potential. Dappled sunshine is ideal and also especially defense from hot afternoon sun in summer, as well as from wind, which castle dislike. A fine drained floor is essential in order to lessen the chances of the plant succumbing come its biggest enemy, root rot. Lowering the humidity around the base and extr moisture may be required, specifically if dry weather prevails with late winter.

For countless gardeners the best means to thrive boronias is in a tool sized pot, to speak 30 centimeter in diameter. Usage a potting mix the conforms to the consistent Australian typical (signified by a black logo design with 5 ticks) and also be certain to completely mix in a pair of handfuls the a slow release indigenous plant food. A sheltered patio or courtyard the receives at the very least a couple of hours sunlight a day would certainly be ideal.


Casuarina


Australia has actually 1.3 million hectares that the Casuarina forest type.

Casuarinas are frequently called she-oaks because of the similarity of their timber to that of european oaks. They space a distinctive part of countless Australian landscapes.

They come in a variety of sizes – native ground cover, through to shrub, tiny and big trees, and many varieties have adjusted to pardon wet conditions, dried climates, swamp areas and seaside regions. The tallest casuarina trees constantly grow along rivers.

They room unusual in that it bear fruit the looks much like the hat of conifers, but that is actually a flowering tree.

Some species of casuarina have edible resin or safe and clean sap, provided by indigenous people for hundreds of years.

If you favor attracting aboriginal birds to her backyard, climate she-oaks space plants fine worth considering for her garden. Lock will grow if they get complete sun.


Australian conifers


Although conifers are in the minority of tree varieties in Australia, there space some distinctive aboriginal species.

Most conifers room evergreen (meaning they carry out not lose their leaves in winter) make them well-known garden trees, farming in prostrate forms and also varieties that grow up to 20m tall. No matter what size the garden, over there is practically certainly a conifer to meet your needs, given the selection of colours and forms available.

Callitris and also Actinostrobus are two genera of trees in Australia grouped the usual name that cypress pine, back they room actually cypress trees (Cupressaceae) and also not pines.

Bunya and also hoop pines, the the genus araucaria, room also an extremely distinctively Australian plants. The bunya grows approximately 45m tall and also drops large fruit sometimes called cones or nuts through edible seeds contained within.

Another araucaria of note in Australia is the Wollemi pine.

All they need is a good, complete fertiliser through the feather time, with some good organic issue in a fine drained soil. Likewise think around using conifers as container plants because they room excellent farming in a pot.


Eucalypt


The most extensive of Australian plant species is the eucalypt, likewise known together a gum tree. Eucalypts room iconic forest trees in Australia. Around 80 per cent of woodlands in Australia room eucalypt forests, or woodlands in i beg your pardon gum trees room the leading (but not the only species).

They are as such seen together symbolic the Australia and show up in numerous iconic paintings and even renowned songs.

The ax ‘eucalypt’ includes roughly 900 varieties in the three genera EucalyptusCorymbia and Angophora which come in an amazing array of shapes, sizes and also colours. Almost all eucalypt varieties are native to Australia. Eucalypts progressed from rainforest ancestors, adapting come an environment in which drought, nutrient-poor soils and also fire were significantly common. The tallest tape-recorded gums grew over 100m tall, but there are likewise varieties that prosper along the ground.

They support many forest-dwelling or forest-dependent types of flora and also fauna. This includes varieties endemic come Australia and types that are detailed as endangered under the Commonwealth environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation plot 1999.

All eucalytous tees require complete sun. They likewise adapt well to a wide selection of soils, from dry, hot sites to slightly wet, as long as the area is fine drained. Many species respond well to potted environments too (containers should be huge enough to accommodate the tree, so around 2 feet in diameter and also which allows an excellent drainage). It is not a complicated tree to treatment for together this tree commonly maintains itself sensibly well.


Grevillea


Grevilleas are indigenous trees in Australia that thrive informally as ground covers, shrubs and trees. Grevillea flowers room mind-blowing. lock consist of dozens of separation, personal, instance flowers follow me a stem and also these open in succession, because that a longer flowering season. Part grevilleas flower basically all year, so there are also flowers in winter. However in spring, the bush is absolutely covered in a massive of breathtaking colour.

The 340 types of grevilleas selection in dimension from little shrubs come 35m tall trees, including plants such as the party brush and also the silky oak.

They are an excellent bird attractors and also are because of this popular in gardens.

The flowers were additionally popular v indigenous people who would pick them and harvest the sweet nectar, but it is not advisable to suck the nectar the just any kind of grevillea due to the fact that some save high level of cyanide.

When it come to selecting the species, there’s a vast range, and it comes down to personal preference and also climate. One type that has stunning foliage is Grevillea ‘Sunkissed Waters’. A favourite grevillea flower is Grevillea bipinnatifida. There’s a traditional grevillea for every Australian region, indigenous the tropics come the coast, therefore if girlfriend are trying to find an even-shaped, evergreen, water-wise plant, i m sorry flowers most of the year, they’re well worth a look. Be certain to choose a selection that’s perfect for her climate and also then it will thrive.

They space also an excellent alternatives come plants favor weeping cherries – due to the fact that they’re hardier and they flower because that a much longer time – or, due to the fact that they space evergreen, usage them rather of a weeping traditional rose.

Caring for a standard grevillea requires staking it for the very first 12 months.


Melaleuca


Australia has 6.4 million hectares of Melaleuca aboriginal forest, mainly uncovered in north Australia.

There are an ext than 200 varieties of melaleucas, most of which are endemic come Australia. However, only a few species build into trees (some as much as 30m tall). This taller melaleucas are frequently called paperbarks or tea-trees.

Melaleucas room a member that the myrtle family and also is therefore related to the eucalypt. It typically flowers in late feather or beforehand summer through white or pinkish mauve flower in spikes 2 come 5 centimeter long.

These tree were offered by indigenous people for making miscellaneous things out of the papery bark. Melaleuca alternifolia, additionally known together the tea-tree, yields an oil the is supplied as one antiseptic.

It is a tree valued for capability to thrive in difficult conditions. It thrive in either full or partial sunlight. Back the tree adapts to many soil types, it prefers fast-draining sandy or loamy, somewhat acidic soil. Hard-packed or hefty clay soil are best avoided.


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An eucalypt tree. Photo source: Wikimedia Commons


Popular indigenous trees in brand-new Zealand: What come plant

The indigenous flora of brand-new Zealand is distinct as it developed in isolation for numerous years.

80% the the trees, flower plants and also ferns are endemic which average that they space only uncovered in new Zealand. About 10–15% the the total land area of new Zealand is covered with indigenous flora.

Very various from the native trees in Australia, below are few of the most popular indigenous trees discovered in brand-new Zealand.

Kahikatea

The Kahikatea is among the endemic tree of new Zealand and also it’s tallest aboriginal tree. It deserve to be discovered on every three key islands, usuallygrowing in the broadleaf forests and also are most common in lowland, swampy areas.

Kahikateas are a form of podocarp (a conifer tree that has actually both cones and fruit and which room evergreen tree that prosper throughout NZ).

This ancient tree has actually been roughly for an ext than 160 million years. Kahikatea is sometimes dubbed dinosaur trees because they exist alongside the dinosaurs throughout the Jurassic period. Lock support totality ecosystems on your trunks and also branches.

Growing approximately 55m this trees have the right to live up to 500 years. The fleshy red fruit was vital food source for Māori and also the timber being supplied for making Wāka and also bird spears. Bark is smooth at youth but becomes flaky and waxy in old age.

Kawakawa

The Kawakawa is a small densely branched shrub or tiny tree, growing to 6m tall. Found in seaside and lowland woodlands throughout the north Island and also the northern fifty percent of the southern Island.

Noticeable by its green heart shame leaves, Kawakawa is a extremely medicinal plant. It have the right to be chewed ~ above to relieve tooth and also headaches or made into a tea. The is great for heal cuts and also wounds and Māori would certainly dry it and also burn it as an insect repellent.

It’s yellow fruits space edible and are eaten by Kererū. It have the right to grows everywhere and also quickly with large knuckles in the branches.


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The Kōwhai tree´s yellow flowers. Image source: young name Spragg. NZ top top flickr


Kōwhai

The kōwhai is one the the finest known aboriginal trees in brand-new Zealand. the the unofficial national flower and Kōwhai imagery is renowned in art works and has been used on postage stamps and coins. 

It’s discovered throughout brand-new Zealand in a diverse range of habitats from riparian forests, coastal cliff encounters to inland grey scrub communities. Māori hold the tree in high esteem, valuing the to trust of its tough wood and also its numerous medicinal properties.

Best recognized for their brilliant yellow flowers that appear in profusion in Spring, they stand out among the woodland greenery.

Growing come a height of 8m, there space many species of Kōwhai. Native birds such as the tui, bellbird, kākā and brand-new Zealand pigeon/kererū/kūkū/kūkupa all advantage from kōwhai trees. They are an important seasonal nectar food resource for them.

Always use in your ar sourced kōwhai plants in gardens.

Mānuka/Kānuka

Although mānuka/kahikātoa and kānuka (collectively recognized as ‘tea trees’) have actually a superficial similarity and also often acquire confused, yet they are simple to tell apart. If friend squeeze a grasp of one of two people manuka will be sharp and also prickly (Manuka = Mean) whereas Kānuka will be soft and forgiving (Kānuka = Kind).

Also, mānuka is a shrub farming up to only 4m high vice versa, Kānuka will flourish over 15m high.

Both species are pioneering species and will grow virtually anywhere. Typically the very first seedling to popular music up in a regenerating area of burnt off or clearing land, these trees create favorable problems in the soil to foster the regeneration if seedlings from larger trees.

Mānuka is usual throughout the North, South and Stewart archipelago in lowland to low alpine regions up to 1800 m above sea level. It can be uncovered in plenty of different habitats consisting of wetlands, flow gravels and also dry hillsides. When mature, it is very tolerant of drought, strong winds and frost and it can thrive at less fertile, colder, wetter and much more acidic sites 보다 kānuka.

Unlike many other aboriginal plants, neither one of them is usually consumed by browsing animals like sheep, cattle and also goats, thus why this plants are valuable in repair projects.

Nīkau

The nīkau palm is the most southern member of the palm family and New Zealand’s only aboriginal palm species.

A nīkau palm generally grows about 10-15 m tall, although that is very slow-growing. The is basic to recognise in the shrub with its one trunk, i beg your pardon is ringed through evenly spaced scars indigenous fallen leaves. Big palm leaf tree that sprouts tiny red fruits.

The pipeline were used to thatch houses, come wrap food prior to cooking, and to weave right into hats, mats, baskets, and leggings because that travelling through undergrowth. The outer part of the trunk was offered to make containers and pots.

The nīkau palm is unique to brand-new Zealand and it primarily occurs in coastal to lowland forest in warmer regions. That is found in the north Island and also the north South Island from the Marlborough Sounds and also Nelson south to near Okarito in the west and Banks Peninsula (near Christchurch) in the east. Nīkau palms also grow top top the Chatham Islands.

While insects are probably the main pollinators, bird such together tui, bellbirds and silvereyes additionally enjoy the nīkau nectar. Flowers take place throughout the whole year.

Pūriri

There room Pūriri alive this day that were standing well prior to the first humans collection foot in brand-new Zealand. There are some that may even be older 보다 the most ancient Kauri trees, together they have a impressive stubbornness when it concerns survival.

Grows substantial with sprawling brunches that have the right to be fairly knotted and mishapen. Remarkable by its little pink bell shaped flowers that litter under the tree. Its huge red berries room consumed and transported only by Kererū. Sometimes has actually smooth bark and is usually house to too many epiphytes (Plants that flourish in trees). Māori would certainly boil the pipeline infused v others to heal ulcers and pains.

Pūriri is generally associated with abundant or volcanic soil.

The tree quickly gained the respect that Māori life in northern new Zealand whereby it normally occurs.  To plenty of tribes the tree to be deeply sacred and also associated through mourning and burial that the dead; a link that still stays on in some locations today.

Despite this deep association with death, The only of archipelago Māori likewise considered Pūriri a price of delight at gift alive.


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The Rimu tree rises up amongst the others. Image source: wikimedia commons


Rimu

Rimu trees flourish slowly, reaching an er of 800-900 years old. 

It is one emergent tree that is found within the canopy of new Zealand’s forests and can prosper up to 50m high.

The rimu tree dates ago 70 million years, come the Podocarp forests that used to dominate the brand-new Zealand landscape.

The tree has lots of various uses. The red fruit cup the carries the seeds is edible. As for the bitter gum, that was applied to wounds to avoid bleeding and the leaves were offered to heal wounds. The bruised within bark was used to burns.

Rimu has actually be described as a graceful tree; that is detailed by that drooping, flaky bark that is deep red in colour, and also its swinging branchlets.

Tī Kōuka (Cabbage Tree)

The cabbage tree is one of the many distinctive tree in the brand-new Zealand landscape, especially on farms. Lock grow anywhere the country, however prefer wet, open locations like swamps. They prosper up come 20m high. At an early stage settlers would certainly eat the young shooting of the tree together a substitute for cabbage, for this reason their name.

This tree is very tenacious and will grow back after being reduced down. Maori would certainly harvest the source of the young trees, which is shaped like a huge carrot 2-3ft long. They would then roasted or steam it in your ovens and eat the dipped in water. The stems of the cabbage tree is therefore fire-resistant that early on European settlers supplied it to do chimneys for your huts.

They grow happily on bare ground or exposed places. Their strong root mechanism helps protect against soil erosion top top steep slopes and also because they tolerate wet soil, they room a useful types for planting along stream banks.

Cabbage trees were also planted to note trails, boundaries, urupā (cemeteries) and also births, since lock are generally long-lived.

Tōtara

The Totara is a brand-new Zealand indigenous tree growing up come 30m high with a diameter of approximately 2 meters. Starting with spindly, virtually weeping branches extended in fine needle-like leaves through a pyramidal tree phase, to eventually acquiring a substantial trunk and also branches that bear dense foliage.

Trees masculine or woman can live 800 to 1800 years, arising enormous root that spread out end the ground. This tree is noticeable by the flaky bark and small, lengthy sharp tipped leaves.

Māori prized the wood of this tree and used it totara to carve waka, and build tools and housing.

See more: Why Should Information Security Be A Prime Concern To Management


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The impressive Tōtara tree. Image source: wikipedia


Before planting her tree urn

Regardless the your preferred tree species, every seeds and seedlings must be planted during their correct planting season. Please read our planting guide here to get much more information about this, this is applicable to every trees in Australia and brand-new Zealand friend plant with your tree urn.

Sources: dailytelegraph.com.au

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