An Introduction

Before we analysis Walt Whitman’s poems, we need to take a general look in ~ the poet and also his style.

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Whitman is considered the father of totally free verse, although he did not develop it. Free verse is city without continual patterns that rhyme, rhythm or meter. Note: complimentary verse has rhythm and also meter. The pattern, however, is irregular. Rhythm is often created through the use of various other poetic devices, consisting of repetition, alliteration, and other sound devices.The type of Whitman’s poetry matches the content. Whitman celebrates the liberty of the individual and also a solemn event of freedom enjoyed in the unified States. Since the perspective toward individual liberty in America was a break from european attitudes, he felt his poetry needed to rest from european models as well.Whitman celebrated the body and also felt that the body was a gateway come the soul.

“I hear America Singing”

I listen America singing, the differed carols i hear;Those of mechanics—each one singing his, together it must be, blithe and also strong;The carpenter singing his, as he steps his plank or beam,The mason singing his, as he makes prepared for work, or leaves off work;The boatman singing what belongs come him in his boat—the deckhand to sing on the steamboat deck;The shoemaker singing together he sits on his bench—the baht singing together he stands;The wood-cutter’s song—the ploughboy’s, on his means in the morning, or at the noon intermission, or at sundown;The delicious singing of the mother—or the the young wife at work—or that the girl sewing or washing—Each to sing what belongs come her, and to nobody else;The job what belongs come the day—At night, the party of young fellows, robust, friendly,Singing, with open up mouths, their solid melodious songs.

Analysis the “I hear America Singing”


Now the we’ve easily analyzed Walt Whitman, us can start our literary analysis of Walt Whitman’s poems with an analysis of “I listen America Singing.” literary terms used in this peom include rhythm, synecdoche, metaphor, repetition, and also imagery.

Rhyme Scheme - there is no rhyme scheme. Whitman is the dad of complimentary verse. We simply analyzed Walth Whitman’s poetry. You’ve forgotten already?Synecdoche - Of every the “I listen America Singing” literature terms, none makes its mark more strongly than synecdoche. “America” in line 1 represents separation, personal, instance Americans, more specifically, workers. Every line of the city is an example of synecdoche (a special type of an allegory where the components equal the whole or the whole equals the parts). Whitman is celebrate the greatness that America by celebrate the greatness that its individuals.Repetition - The repeat of “the” in the final seven lines assist create rhythm much in the same means the repeat of worker actions creates a work rhythm.The autonomous nature of Whitman’s city is reflect by his subject matter. He celebrate mechanics, carpenters, masons, mothers–the kind of world usually not questioned in poems. Because that Whitman, the is the individual that matters and also the individual flexibility that permits him to be grea–“Each to sing what belongs come her”–that matters.Theme: Whitman’s poem celebrates the individuals who do America good and the ideal to individual liberty that makes it possible.

If yes anything i missed in my literary evaluation of Walt Whitman’s poem , “I listen America Singing” (and I’m sure I did), feel complimentary to comment below.

“Beat! Beat! Drums”


BEAT! beat! drums!—Blow! bugles! blow!Through the windows—through doors—burst prefer a awful force,Into the solemn church, and scatter the congregation;Into the school where the scholar is studying;Leave no the bridegroom quiet—no happiness must he have now with his bride; 5Nor the tranquil farmer any peace, plowing his field or gathering his grain;So fierce you whirr and also pound, you drums—so shrill friend bugles blow.


Beat! beat! drums!—Blow! bugles! blow!Over the traffic of cities—over the rumble of wheels in the streets:Are beds all set for sleepers in ~ night in the houses? No sleepers must sleep in those beds; 10No bargainers’ bargains by day—no brokers or speculators—Would castle continue?Would the talkers it is in talking? would certainly the singer effort to sing?Would the lawyer climb in the court come state his case before the judge?Then rattle quicker, more heavier drums—you bugles wilder blow.


Beat! beat! drums!—Blow! bugles! blow! 15Make no parley—stop because that no expostulation;Mind not the timid—mind not the weeper or prayer;Mind not the old male beseeching the young man;Let no the child’s voice it is in heard, no one the mummy entreaties;Make even the trestles come shake the dead, whereby they lie awaiting the hearses, 20So solid you thump, O devastating drums—so loud you bugles blow.

Analysis that “Beat! Beat! Drums!”

The most striking element of “Beat! Beat! Drums!” is that rhythm, demonstrating that totally free verse, as soon as done well, closely crafts its rhythm to imitate the sound of life. In this instance, Whitman imitates the orderly win of a drum and also the rhythmic cadence that an military on the march. That is a difficult task, indeed, to check out this poem and also not photo a nicely dressed armed forces outfit, drummers and also buglers in front, on their means to create chaos.Speaking of chaos and also order, the poem’s form and contents contain this contrasting features. Much like an orderly military is more capable the inflicting disorder and destruction, so is a carefully crafted rhythm necessary to the performance of free verse. Over there is a factor Whitman is taken into consideration the father of free verse.The alliteration that the b sound and also the repetition of “Beat! beat! drums!–blow! bugles! blow!” imitate the sound that an army on the march and does so forcefully.The opening line that the poem, recurring thrice, overtakes the reader, much in the same means war overtakes “peaceful farmers,” “bargainers,” “lawyers” and others.Whitman supplies paradox to emphasize the chaos of war: “No sleepers have to sleep” (10), “No bargainers' bargain” (11), no talkers space talking, no lawyers “rise in the court to state his case prior to the judge” (13). In short, war creates chaos and also upsets the organic order that things.Whitman offers metonymy: the beating the drums and also the blow of bugles to represent something with which that is closely associated, a marching army.He likewise uses synecdoche, the marching military represents armed forces forces involved in war; the people lawyers, farmers, etc. Represent citizens whose resides are disrupted through war.Theme: battle disrupts all.

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This post is component of the series: The poetry of Walt Whitman

Don’t end up on the deck cold and also dead ~ your following poetry test. Read this study guide on Walt Whitman’s poetry instead.