The definite write-ups (el, la) also change in the plural form. They become “los” and also “las.” The definite articles will be extended in depth in the following lesson.

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el libro: los libros

la pluma: las plumas

el chico: los chicos

la señora: las señoras

If a noun ends in a consonant, do it many by including -es.


el borrador: los borradores(borrador + es)la universidad: ras universidades(universidad + es)el profesor: los profesores(profesor + es)la ciudad: las ciudades(ciudad + es)

If a noun end in -ión, include -es and drop the composed accent.

el avión: los aviones

la conversación: las conversaciones

la sección: las secciones

la televisión: las televisiones

Note: You may wonder why “avión” isn’t feminine. Notification that the doesn’t qualify for our preeminence which claims that all nouns finishing in -ción and sión space feminine.

If a noun ends in -z, add -es and change the z to c.

el lápiz: los lápices

la voz: las voces

el tapiz: los tapices

la actriz: las actrices


When the plural refers to two or more nouns of different genders, the masculine plural is used.

2 perros + 6 perras = 8 perros (not perras)1 gato + 8 gatas = 9 gatos (not gatas)

A couple of nouns are “compound nouns,” that is, lock are formed by combining two words into one.

(Example: abre + latas = abrelatas / open up + can be ~ = deserve to opener)

These compound nouns are constantly masculine, and also the plural is formed by transforming the “el” come “los.”

el abrelataslos abrelatas

el paraguaslos paraguas

Let’s review the rules for making noun plural.

If a noun end in a vowel, simply add -s.If a noun end in a consonant, simply include -es.If a noun end in a -z, change the z come c before adding -es.If a noun ends in ión, autumn the written accent before adding -es.If the plural describes a blended group, usage the masculine.For link nouns, change “el” to “los”.

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