Prentice hall Science traveler - planet Science - Vocabulary chapter 16 - Weather Factors

ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES
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A type of power that deserve to travel through space.

You are watching: Winds that blow steadily from specific directions over long distances are called

RADIATIONThe straight transfer of power through empty space by electromagnetic waves.
INFRARED RADIATIONA type of power with wavelengths the are longer than clearly shows light.
ULTRAVIOLET RADIATIONA kind of power with wavelengths the are shorter than clearly shows light.
SCATTERINGReflecting of irradiate in every directions.
GREENHOUSE EFFECTThe process by which warmth is trapped in the atmosphere by water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, and also other gases that form a "blanket" approximately Earth.
THERMAL ENERGYThe energy of movement in the molecule of a substance.
TEMPERATUREThe mean amount of energy of activity in the molecule of a substance.
THERMOMETERAn instrument supplied to measure up temperature, consists of a thin, glass tube through a pear on one finish that includes a liquid (usually mercury or alcohol).
HEATThe energy transferred from a hotter thing to a cooler one.
CONDUCTIONThe transport of warmth from one problem to an additional by direct call of corpuscle of matter.
CONVECTIONThe transfer of warm by movements of a fluid.
WINDThe horizontal motion of waiting from an area of high press to an area of lower pressure.
ANEMOMETERAn instrument offered to measure up wind speed.
WIND-CHILL FACTORIncreased cooling brought about by the wind.
LOCAL WINDWinds the blow over quick distances.
SEA BREEZEThe circulation of air from an s or lake come the land.
LAND BREEZEThe flow of wait from land to a body of water.
MONSOONSea and land breezes over a large region that change direction through the seasons.
GLOBAL WINDSWinds that blow steadily from particular directions over lengthy distances.
CORIOLIS EFFECTThe method Earth's rotation makes winds in the northern Hemisphere curve come the right and winds in the southerly Hemisphere curve come the left.
JET STREAMBands that high-speed winds about 10 kilometers over Earth's surface.
EVAPORATIONThe process by which molecule at the surface ar of a liquid, such as water, absorb enough energy to change to a gaseous state, such together water vapor.
HUMIDITYA measure of the amount of water vapor in the air.
RELATIVE HUMIDITYThe percentage of water vapor in the air compared to the maximum lot the air deserve to hold at that temperature.
PSYCHROMETERAn instrument supplied to measure family member humidity, consisting of a wet-bulb thermometer and a dry-bulb thermometer.
CONDENSATIONThe process by i m sorry a gas, such together water vapor, alters to a liquid, such as water.
DEW POINTThe temperature in ~ which condensation begins.
CUMULUSClouds that type less 보다 2 kilometers above the ground and look choose fluffy, rounded piles of cotton.
STRATUSClouds that form in flat layers.

See more: If Two Lines Intersect Then They Intersect In Exactly One And Only One Point?

CIRRUSWispy, feathery clouds made mostly of ice crystals that type at high levels, above around 6 kilometers.
LATITUDEThe distance north or southern from the equator, measure up in degrees
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